Pir Mehr Ali,Another Humiliated Opponent
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Pir Mehr Ali,Another Humiliated Opponent

The next allegation is quote often raised by the minority of followers belonging to Pir Mehr Ali Shah He was another opponent of Ahmadas and did not have a mubahila but a huge challenge was given to him by Ahmadas which he failed miserably in. Pir Mehr Ali claimed that Allah had taught him the Qur’an. When this was published, Ahmadas said in reply that for so many years it is my claim that I am the Messiah and Mahdi and that Allah has taught me the true beauty of the Qur’an. You claim that Allah teches you too. So now the public wonders who does Allah in reality teach? So t is important to do an Arabic competition of Tafseer. We will sit together, I will do tafseer and so will you. There should be new things in this tafseer rather than old. Once this was published, Pir Mehr Ali said we have many differences, so let us debate in voice about your claim instead, and he named many mullahs against Ahmadasto be the judges.


This is completely illogical. If the mullahs were to say Pir won, then Ahmadaswould have to take away his claim which is obvious they would as they were all harsh opponents of the Messiah. Ahmadas wrote in reply to this that when he used to debate mullahs the pir had never thought of it, but after Allah told him not to debate the mullahs (included in Aina-e-Kamalate-Islam, Anjam-e-Atham and many other books) now you want to debate me? Pir did this challenge in a clever manner. If Ahmadas did accept the challenge, he would say that the revelation to Ahmadas to stop doing debates was a lie, and if he did not go to the debate, Pir would say he is scared.


In reply to this, Ahmadas said that from today I will start writing tafseer for 70 days of Surah al Fatiha and you should do the same. He then said that if in 70 days you write a better tafseer than mines in Arabic, I will give you 500 rupees. Along with that Ahmadas said that Allah has told me that in my competition of Surah al Fatiha Tafseer, any better tafseer is abondoned and impossible to be written. No one will be able to do a better tafseer in regards to Surah Fatiha till the day of judgement. Ahmadas completed the tafseer in 70 days and sent it to Pir Mehr Ali. 70 days, 70 months, in fact 70 years had passed and not a single page was written by Pir Mehr Ali. There was a person named Mehray Muneer who said that people said that do a tafseer so please do one of surah Fatiha, but despite this the Pir was not able to lift his pen. Pir Mehr Ali had the intention of holding a debate in Lahore where Ahmadas was in danger. Pir also wanted to make Batalvi, a opponent of Ahmadas the judge which is further illogical. It is clear that the Pir was indeed ignorant.


Ahmadas states:


“The readers of this announcement will be aware that, having observed the persistent condemnation and vilification of opposing clerics and custodians of shrines, and having noted their demand for a sign, I had made an announcement that was addressed especially to Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib. The sum and substance of that announcement was that there have so far been many discussions on religious issues from which the opposing Maulavis have derived no benefit, but as they continue to ask for heavenly signs, it is possible that they might derive some benefit from them. It was published because Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib, who claims excellence of sainthood, as well as a high intellectual calibre and, on account of his confidence in his learning, has recently renewed his condemnation of me as a disbeliever, and has published a book in order to provoke the common people against me…. And since God Almighty has honoured me with the revelation: ‘The Almighty Allah has taught thee the Holy Qur’an’; I had, therefore, suggested that it would be enough of a sign for testing my truth or falsehood if Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib and I both were to write a commentary in clear and eloquent Arabic on some Chapters of the Holy Qur’an. If he is judged better than me, I shall have no hesitation in acknowledging his superiority. With this in view, my announcement was made entirely in good faith … but he has completely evaded my challenge.… Today, God Almighty has put a plan in my mind which I set forth to conclusively resolve this matter, and I believe that it will fully expose Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib, for the whole world is not blind; there are some who are fair and just. The plan is that today I give the following answer to the constant barrage of announcements, which are being published in favour of Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib. If Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah Sahib is truly exceptional in his knowledge of the Qur’an and Arabic literature, and is well versed in the arts of persuasion and eloquence, I believe he must still be in possession of those qualities since it is not long since he moved to Lahore. I propose here and now to establish the truth by writing a commentary on Surah Al-Fatihah and setting down the verities and truths of this chapter of the Holy Qur’an. As for Hadrat Pir Sahib, he should also base his evidence regarding the Promised Messiah and the bloodthirsty Mahdi on Surah AlFatihah. He is at liberty to deduce his conclusive arguments and crucial verities from Surah Al-Fatihah, written in eloquent and brilliant Arabic. The two books should be printed and published within seventy days beginning from the fifteenth of December, 1900. This will allow knowledgeable people to compare and decide for themselves. If three scholars, who possess literary qualities and are proficient in Arabic and have no connection with either of us, state on oath that Pir Sahib’s book is superior to mine, both in composition and in setting forth the verities of the Holy Qur’an, I shall immediately pay five hundred rupees to Pir Sahib…. He will be at liberty to seek help in this enterprise from Maulavi Muhammad Hussain of Batala, Maulavi ‘Abdul Jabbar of Ghazni and Muhammad Hassan of Bhin. He is even free to employ three or four Arab scholars who posses literary qualifications for this purpose. These commentaries should not be less than four juz each…. If any of us fails to publish such a commentary within the appointed term—between 15 December 1900 and 25 February 1901—he will be considered false in his claim, and no further proof of his falsehood will be necessary. Peace be upon those who follow the guidance.”Announced by: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad From Qadian, 15 December, 1900.


The challenge Ahmadas sent out was an Arabic tafseer of Surah Fatiha to match his book Ijazul Masih and on July 1,1902 Ahmadas received a book from Pir Mehr Ali but instead of meeting any requirement it was in Urdu rather than a commentary in Arabic. Mehr Ali was also humiliated and accused countless of times for plagairizing. He wrote a book called Saif-e-Chistiya and accused Ahmadas of plagiarism. Ahmadas replied to this allegation himself and in a summary he basically stated that its common to find a similar theme in one or two sentences of writers and even gave examples of such poets. Some people even accuse the Qur’an of copying the Torah and Injeel. It was told by Allah to Ahmadas that whoever tries to humiliate him, would himself be humiliated and this occurred with Mehr Ali. There was a letter of Mian Shahabud Din to Ahmadas which stated:


Text of the letter is given below: Messenger of God and appointee of the Gracious God, your holiness, dear Hadrat Mirza [Ghulam Ahmad], may your blessings and benficences perpetuate. Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu  I received your registered letter. It refreshed my grieving heart and I learnt the situation.


The situation is that I was not shown the manuscript of Muhammad Hasan separately because, after his death, all his books and papers had been locked away. However, I did see the notes that were written by him on Shams-e-Bazighah and I‘jazul Masih. They are the same notes which the wicked Golarhvi  has copied, he has not written anything of his own merit. Now, the father of Muhammad Hasan and some others have become my mortal enemies. They do not show me even a page from these books. Previously, I found an opportunity to see these books when Golarhvi returned the copies—which he had obtained in the past. That was possible only because the man who brought the book back was an outsider. When he lost his way, he came to the mosque and asked me for the directions to the house of Maulavi Muhammad Hasan. I asked him his purpose. He said that he was sent by Meher ‘Ali Shah to return the books, Shams-e-Bazighah and I‘jazul-Masih to Maulavi Muhammad Hasan’s father. Then I looked through the books and saw the notes appended to every page, against each line. I had Saif-e-Chishtiya’i with me so I compared the text with the notes. It was the same, word for word. I would like to do what you have asked for; however Muhammad Hasan’s father does not let me have the book. He says that I can only look through them in his presence, and he will not allow me to take them away. I am helpless and cannot do anything about it. I have made a mistake by writing a letter to Golarhvi telling him that he has written nothing at all; what he has done is to copy Muhammad Hasan’s notes. Consequently, Golarhvi has written to Muhammad Hasan’s father asking him not to show me the notes because I oppose him. Now the dilemma is that Muhammad Hasan’s father is a disciple of Golarhvi and follows his commands. I feel truley regretful that I wrote to him, for it is because of this that all have become my enemies. Please forgive me as my coming to Qadian by myself will be an unnecessary expense due to the fact that he does not let me have the books. Humbly, Shahabud-Din from Bheen, Sub District Chakwal


He also wrote to Maulvi Abdul Karimra:


Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu I am enjoying good health and wish the same for you. I would not have declined to come but they do not give me the books, Shamse-Bazighah and I‘jazul-Masih, which contain the desired notes [of Maulavi Muhammad Hasan Faidi of Bheen]. The harsh tone of Saif-e-Chishtiya’i is mostly of Muhammad Hasan. That is why his death … was an example…. Now that I have written the letter, Golarhvi  himself admits his mistake, as is clear from the postcard written by Golarhvi with his own hand which he sent to Maulavi Karamud-Din. In short, Golarhvi has urged Muhammad Hasan’s father not to show me the books. Golarhvi says in the postcard that he wrote with the permission of Muhammad Hasan. This is not a sincere statement. He was compelled to say this because he was ashamed that we came to know of the secret. I am sending the postcard separately. You will see that it has been written by Golarhvi in his own handwriting. Humbly, Shahabud-Din from Bheen


Maulvi Karamud Din wrote to Ahmadas saying:


Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu For some time, I have been reading your books and I love your writings. Many times in my dreams I have seen good scenes about you. I often argue with your adversaries. I have not yet become your disciple, for I feel one has to take great care; as long as one is not satisfied through a private face-to-face meeting it is not right to take a pledge. However, I have love for you in absentia.


A few days ago, I saw your holiness in my dream in which you congratulated me and gave me some sweets and disclosed two things which were on my mind. In the same dream, I said that I was convinced that you are the recipient of visions. God knows the real facts. I am still unable to understand some matters, which is why I remain undecided, though I believe in your goodness and piety. The other day I shed tears as I read a few lines of a poem in Persian and a few lines of one in Urdu in the first pages of your book Surmah Chashm-e-Aryah and I thought that one can never find such moving feeling and pain in the writings of liars. Yesterday, I received a registered letter, concerning Pir Golarhvi’s book Saif-e-Chishtiya’i, from Maulavi ‘Abdul Karim, through a dear friend of mine, Mian Shahabud-Din, who is a student. I had also told Mian Shahabud-Din that most of Pir Meher ‘Ali’s book comprised of the notes of the late Maulavi Muhammad Hasan, which he made in the margins of the books I‘jazul-Masih and Shams-e-Bazighah, to record his thoughts. Pir Meher ‘Ali had borrowed the two books from me (which have now been returned). On comparison, we found the notes word for word copied into his book. This is an extreme example of pilfering, that he copied the thoughts of a dead person and attributed them to himself, without mentioning the original author. How strange it is that some of the faults that he attributes to your book, are to be found in his own book. Since both books are now in the possession of Maulavi Muhammad Hasan’s father—and he holds views against you—it is difficult to send them to you. However, it will be possible to copy those notes and send the copy to you. Another possibility is that an appointed member of your Community could come here and see those notes for himself. This will be possible only if someone is sent without delay. Only the day before yesterday, I received a postcard from Pir Meher ‘Ali in which he admitted that he stole Muhammad Hasan’s notes to enhance the effectiveness of Saif-e-Chishtiya’i. I am sending it for you to see. It will be inadvisable to disclose that all this information has been provided by me. However, there will be no harm if Mian Shahabud-Din’s name is disclosed. I don’t want to face the rancour of the Pir’s followers. Please pray that my faith in you becomes clear and I should be convinced that you receive revelations and are commissioned by God. I send my humble salam to Maulavi ‘Abdul Karim and Maulana Maulavi Nurud-Din. Constraint of time prevents me from writing more. Salam from Shahabud-Din and he concurs with the contents of this letter.  Humbly, Muhammad Karamud-Din, From Bheen, Sub-district Chakwal, Dated July 21, 1902.


The revelation which was given to Ahmadas in regards to this challenge with Mehr Ali was as follows:


“This means that [Arabic] in this competition of writing a commentary, no one will be able to compete with you. God has deprived the opponents of the capacity and the knowledge.


Although the revelation refers only to a single masculine person, namely, Mehr Shah [Pir Mehr ‘Ali Shah], I have been given to understand by God that all opponents are included in it so that a truly highest and greatest Sign might be shown; that is, if all opponents were to join together like one person to write a commentary in competition with me, they would certainly not be able to do it.”(Al-Hakam, Volume 5, No.3, January 24, 1901, Page 10)


It is clear that the Pir was humiliated and was caught for plagairism.On top of this, until today not him or anyone else has replied or written to  a better tafseer of Surah Fatiha than Ijazul Masih and this would remain till the day of judgement.